Franschhoek The Huguenots Museum Information

Fynbos

Fynbos


Plant types in Fynbos


Typically no single species is dominant. The shrubby vegetation contain three distinctive elements: Proteoids, Ericoid and Restioid. These groups comprise plants that resemble the growth forms of Proteaceae, Ericaceae and Restionaceae but do not necessarily belong to these families.

  • Proteoids: tall bushes with hard leaves with a dull surface
    (Proteaceae e.g..: Protea, Leucadendron, Leucospermum).
  • Ericoids: shrubs with small leaves, narrow and often rolled
    (e.g..: Ericaceae, Bruniaceae, Asteraceae, Rosaceae).
  • Restioids: tufted plants with near leafless, tubular or wiry non-woody stems
    (e.g..: Restionaceae, some Cyperaceae and some grasses).



General Characteristics of Fynbos


  • Amazing diversity of species. Of the 18 532 plant species in Southern Africa 8 550 are found in Capensis (Cape Floral Kingdom) with 6 252 being endemic (found only in the area).
  • Many species occur in the same area - up to 121 in an area of 100 maż have been recorded without one dominating the other.
  • There are not many fynbos trees. In its "pure" form fynbos is usually treeless.
  • Poor and infertile soil as well as broken terrain - from mountain peaks to sea-level, is usually indicative of the appearance of fynbos.
  • Fynbos has adapted to fires and is able to survive periodic outbreaks.


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